Important Facts Regarding Cervical Cancer - KHGI-TV/KWNB-TV/KHGI-CD-Grand Island, Kearney, Hastings

Important Facts Regarding Cervical Cancer

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According to CDC: 

  • Cervical cancer used to be the leading cause of cancer death for women in the U.S.
  • In recent years that number has decreased significantly as a result of many women getting regular PAP smears. 
  • Almost all cervical cancers are caused by Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).

Stats:  from Cancer Incidence and Mortality in Nebraska: 2009/released June, 2012

Type

Cervical/uterine 2005-2009

         0-17 Yrs.

 

Cases         %

18-44 Yrs.

 

Cases         %

45-64 Yrs.

 

Cases         %

65+ Yrs

 

Cases         %

 

Reported (306)

1             0.3

142         46.4

116        37.9

47           15.4

Died (78)

0             0.0

14           17.9

37          47.4

27           34.5

Risk Factors:

  • HPV, HIV, and Auto Immune Disorders.
  • It occurs most often in women over age 30.
  • Smoking.
  • Using Birth Control Pills for 5 years or more.
  • Have given birth to 3 or more children.

Signs/Symptoms:

  •  Early on, cervical cancer may not cause signs and symptoms.
  •  Advanced cervical cancer may cause bleeding or discharge from the vagina that is not normal for you, such as bleeding after sex.

Prevention:

  • Get the HPV vaccine. It protects against the types of HPV that most often cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers.
  • See your doctor regularly for a Pap test that can find cervical precancers.
  • Follow up with your doctor if your Pap test results are not normal.
  • Don't smoke.
  • Use condoms during sex as males can be infected with HPV too.
  • Limit your number of sexual partners.
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